Bitcoin, Ethereum, market crash, digital wallet – surely everyone must have heard these frequently used terms lately. Even though cryptocurrency and its market isn’t something new, the craze for it has grown. Cryptocurrency is a complex technology, but it is easily accessible, so news about it spreads quickly.

Just because cryptocurrency is popular, one should not hastily decide to invest in the market. Like anything else, it has its pros and cons. This is why it is essential to master the basics of the cryptocurrency market before you get started.

Here are some essential tips that will encourage you to better understand cryptocurrency and how it works.

1. What is decentralized digital currency?


First, we start with the basics. Cryptocurrency is digital currency – it does not have a physical form like coins or banknotes. These currencies are used to purchase goods and services, as well as to trade with other cryptocurrencies. Cryptos are not tied to any valuable asset – this is a very important concept to understand. For this reason, their value fluctuates at random.

Cryptocurrency is decentralized – this is because it is created, monitored and processed outside of an institution; there are no central banks or governments to oversee the currency. Cryptos work with blockchain technology. Due to decentralization, cryptos avoid interactions with third-party servers. This means that your transactions are anonymous, which many people see as a great benefit.

2. Understand Blockchain technology and how it works

A blockchain is a kind of distributed ledger (LDT) technology, and there are many uses for blockchain besides financial transactions. It is a decentralized technology – the blockchain is a database distributed over many operators. It’s more or less a digital ledger that regulates accounts, transactions, and balances.

Cryptography and blockchain technology are the features that ensure the safety and security of cryptocurrency transactions. Cryptography refers to the method of transferring information in the form of codes; this way, user information and other transaction details are kept safe. If you think about it, in a way, cryptocurrency works like a secure, cloud-based filing system just like Google Drive.

3. Understand how to mine cryptocurrencies


Crypto mining alludes to the process of collecting digital currency as a kind of incentive for the work or tasks that you perform. Technically, it’s all about earning cryptocurrency by solving crypto equations using computers. In this transactional process, data is recorded in a blockchain.

As we have read previously, the blockchain acts like a ledger that manages and regulates all the transactions and accounts of its users. Miners use their systems and do cryptographic work that needs to be added as an entry to the data log. In exchange for this work, they earn a small amount of cryptocurrency. You can go url to learn more.

4. Know the nuances of volatility

If you search the history of any cryptocurrency, you may notice the drastic rise and fall in their prices. The reason behind this is that they are extremely volatile. They can skyrocket or sink hundreds of dollars in a matter of hours. A good example of such a case is when Bitcoin plunged $ 3,000 in November 2020 but climbed back to record highs of $ 23,700.85 on December 17.

While other financial markets such as stocks are closely watched and regulated, cryptocurrencies are not. As mentioned before, they are decentralized, which means that there is no central power to determine the prices and keep them under control. This is a very important concept to know if you are considering entering this market as volatility is permanent.

5. Explore the exchange platforms


Cryptocurrencies can also be used to purchase other cryptocurrencies; it works like the change. In order for this trade to take place, cryptocurrency exchange platforms have been set up. Here you can either trade cryptocurrencies or use fiat currency to buy crypto. These platforms are extremely secure and offer you many features.

Depending on the currency and your needs, you can choose an exchange platform from the hundreds that are present. Some essential things to look for in an exchange are security, the types of coins on offer, accessibility, trading fees, and the type of storage they offer.

6. Crypto Wallets – Their Use and Needs

A cryptocurrency wallet allows you to send, receive, and store digital currency. There are mainly two types of wallets: hot wallets and cold wallets.

Hot wallets are provided by many cryptocurrency exchange platforms. These are connected to the Internet and all your currencies are stored there. The downside of a hot wallet is that if a hacker breaks into your account or the exchange that you are using, it would be very easy to loot all of your investments.

Cold wallets are offline wallets, which helps protect your account and digital assets. They are not connected to the Internet and therefore cannot be hacked. Many crypto exchanges with massive amounts of digital currencies tend to store their assets in a cold wallet to prevent theft. A cold wallet can be a hardware wallet or a paper wallet.

7. Buy and invest in cryptocurrencies


Many financial companies have embarked on the cryptocurrency related business. With the help of established and popular exchanges and businesses, you will be able to purchase any cryptocurrency of your choice. Beginners are advised to go for more stable currencies first and then explore other cryptos as they gain experience in the market.

Cryptocurrencies and their market are highly unpredictable and volatile. There have been several instances where the reasons for the drastic rise and fall in the price of a cryptocurrency were unknown or ambiguous. So, if you are planning to buy or invest in these digital currencies, you should be aware of their risks. There is always a risk of exposure to hackers and theft, so be sure to invest your funds in the major exchanges.


These are some of the basic concepts related to the cryptocurrency market. It is always for the best if you learn and research this area before you jump in and start trading.

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