Mining in Africa

The mining industry is highly intrusive in nature, requiring huge amounts of energy and the removal of large amounts of soil and rock, resulting in significant local contamination during extraction and transport.

Banks and shareholders pressure miners to improve their environmental standards; They strive to achieve net zero carbon emissions in direct mining operations and value chains

Historically, the sector has been responsible for many worker accidents and fatalities. Accordingly, it would be simple to dismiss the whole of industry as an ecologically and socially unsustainable vestige of the industrial past.

The future of sustainable mining methods in other countries is seen as an indicator for the most important African sector since it is the largest center of mining activity on the continent.

The mining sector is under increasing pressure to adopt more environmentally and socially sustainable African methods.

As lenders and investors demand reductions in greenhouse gas emissions, pollution, and advancements in labor and community wellbeing, there is a widespread perception that there is is in the interest of the industry to adopt more responsible practices to increase productivity and avoid negative publicity.

The mining industry is very intrusive in nature, requiring huge amounts of energy and the removal of large amounts of soil and rock, resulting in significant local contamination during extraction and transportation.

Historically, the sector has been responsible for many worker accidents and fatalities.

Accordingly, it would be simple to dismiss the whole of industry as an ecologically and socially unsustainable vestige of the industrial past.

Indeed, thermal coal production has already started to decline in some markets, and coking coal should follow if the cost of new smelting technologies drops sufficiently.

Some firms have also abandoned natural diamonds in favor of synthetic stones.

Iron ore and bauxite mining, on the other hand, will remain for many decades to support steelmaking, while manganese, cobalt and copper are used in many emerging technologies.

As a result, more sustainable mining technologies need to be found and widely used.

Long-term sustainability involves maximizing the health and safety of workers while minimizing the environmental effects of the mine, ensuring that host communities at the mine benefit from mining activities and prevent environmental degradation.

This involves eliminating fraudulent activity in the industry, including purchasing, employment, and licensing.

Sustainable mining also requires the development of an achievable mine closure plan that includes appropriate funding for post-closure rehabilitation.

At the same time, sustainable techniques can increase the longevity of mining operations, which has clear monetary benefits.-The exchange


PSL should deal with hooliganism

THE recent suspension of top-flight Zimbabwe domestic football following the incidents of hooliganism during the so-called Battle of Zimbabwe match between former foes Dynamos and Highlanders at Barbourfields Stadium on Sunday made for sad reading and surprised me .

It is worrying that Barbourfields has been turned into a war zone – and law enforcement have tried unsuccessfully to restore order. Such fan behavior demeans football.

Moreover, it is not wrong that the Bosso fans were the first to invade the pitch as they celebrated their team’s controversial goal, then the DeMbare players harassed the referee claiming a foul before their supporters do not invade the pitch.

Nets were ripped out, goal posts were uprooted, sharp objects were thrown onto the pitch. Many acts of barbarism took place at Barbourfields which forced the game to end prematurely. If the truth is to be told, it was another sad day in the history of domestic football.

This is not football and we can do better than that as passionate football fans. The fans of the two biggest teams in the country are mainly to blame. We have witnessed many chaotic incidents during football matches. This nonsense must end.

Sportsmanship and fair play must always prevail, and football must be the biggest winner at the end of the day. Football should unite us as Zimbabweans.

What is needed is vigorous action to end these problems. Something is wrong with our football.

The whole game was marred by chaos and bad refereeing. It was a disaster. The situation was unfortunate.

But if one examines this affair with both eyes, one will discover that there was a clear foul on Shadreck Nyahwa in the build-up to Bosso’s goal.

And Bill Antonio’s tackle on Adrew Tandi was very bad, but the referee made a tough decision. Antonio wasn’t supposed to receive a straight red card.

Football fans should refrain from violence and hooliganism. Personally, I strongly condemn acts of violence and malicious attacks on property.

The abandonment of the football game on Sunday showed without a doubt that we still have a long way to go when it comes to football and the success of domestic football is still in doubt.

In this regard, football managers should not make decisions based on emotions or feelings.

How can they suspend the whole league just because of two teams or a few thugs or hooligans who want to see domestic football to shreds? It does not mean anything. Thugs must be punished. Yes, they deserve very severe penalties.

The league-wide suspension was unnecessary and I sincerely hope that all games will resume soon and start to run smoothly. That’s all we want to see.

In that vein, the players were also affected by the Premier Soccer League’s (PSL) harsh ruling.

PSL leaders must not continue to make decisions that will kill the trust of sponsors in the long term.

As peace-loving football fans, our confidence has been eroded by the administration’s repeated failures.-Terrence Mwedzi


Africa must tell its own story

In a few days, we will celebrate the birth of an African continent on May 25, 2022. I would like to reflect on some achievements and challenges that we have faced as a continent.

Africa is still endowed with vast mineral deposits and has a population of 60% young people. The West needs Africa more because it can tap into the wide array of resources.

The African Union is also pushing for permanent seats on the UN Security Council and greater influence in world affairs.

Thanks to mobile phones, Africa has made great strides in the field of communication and there has been great connectivity. This has improved the way of doing business, thereby boosting African economies.

However, there have been more challenges facing the continent.

The continent has been heavily exposed on preparing for the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, especially on manufacturing its own vaccines. He relied primarily on the West and East for vaccines. We need to improve and devote more resources to research and manufacturing.

Poverty and corruption still cripple the continent’s growth, aggravated by civil wars and coups.

In Nigeria, the continent has been disrupted by a Boko Haram militia, while Somalia and Kenya have been hit by Al Shabaab.

Coups have been a major deterrent and concern in African democracies. There have been successful coups in Chad, Mali, Guinea and Zimbabwe with failed military takeovers in Niger, Guinea Bissau and Sudan.

And 2021 has seen a higher number of coups in Africa compared to previous years.

The total number of coup attempts in Africa has remained remarkably constant at an average of about four per year over the four decades between 1960 and 2000.

Africa has now started witnessing more coups than before due to the instability of many African countries due to poor economic performance.

The constitutions are repeatedly altered and modified to favor the incumbents. The African continent has become a hub for the creation of dictators. There are no peaceful transfers of power on the continent. There is a tangible sense of mistrust between African states.

Political activists and opposition leaders are still considered enemies of the state.

Africa must unite and get rid of power-hungry rulers.

At present, countries cannot even unite on a regional basis, for example SADC and ECOWAS, etc.

Africa must speak with one voice and more resources must be channeled into establishing a pan-African currency, which must be used by all states. The creative spirit of the United States of Africa must be revived.

The media, as the most powerful entity on earth, must be used to inform and educate the power of African renaissance.

The media has the power to make the innocent guilty and to make the guilty innocent. Africa must therefore come up with its own media narrative and tell its own success stories.

Revitalize and energize African media to help them propagate Afrocentric perspectives and viewpoints to counter Western media. Happy Africa Day.-Leonard Koni